Axia College University of Phoenix MGT — Organizational Behavior October 26, Introduction Every organization, either big or small, behaves in such a way that distinguishes it one from another. Politics may be a major role in some companies while others simply base your advancement on your ability to do the job and the productivity level you display. Personal opinions and views are set aside in order to place the right person in the job.
The Overview module collects information about socio-demographic variables i. The Beck Depression Inventory-II BDI-II 58 is one of the most widely used self-report measures of depression symptoms, and it includes 21 items referring to various psychological and physical symptoms e. The ABS-II has been shown to be a reliable and valid measure of rational and irrational beliefs 60 The Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire ATQ 62 is a item self-report measure used to asses depression-related cognitions, with good convergent validity, internal consistency, and test—retest reliability The ATQ has also been shown to be sensitive to changes in the depression levels Possible time scales include moment, today, past few days, week, past few weeks, year, and general.
The items measure the patient's perceived usefulness of the treatment e. The scores range from 0 to The Working Alliance Inventory WAI is a item self-report global measure of the working, or therapeutic alliance, presenting good psychometric properties 66 The Client Satisfaction Questionnaire 68 — 70 is an 8-item instrument used to evaluate the patients' satisfaction with the treatment.
The Fitness Evaluation Scale FES is a item 58 if the patient has children scale, adapted and expanded by the authors from the High-K Strategy Scale HKSS 71tapping into various dimensions and biosocial goals theorized to make up the indicators of fitness, as detailed in the Background section.
The HKSS has been shown to be negatively associated with depressive symptomatology 72 and psychopathology in general The FES is the therapist's starting point in prescribing the evolutionary-driven interventions, as further detailed below. Case conceptualization Judy is a year-old female student, belonging to a middle-class family, who was referred to psychotherapy after a difficult break-up that affected school performance and general quality of life.
At intake, the level of depressive symptomatology measured with the BDI-II was 23, signifying moderate depressive symptomatology 58confirming the initial SCID clinical diagnosis. The level of expectancy for therapeutic outcome was 32 out of 32, showing that the patient was highly motivated and believed in the efficacy of the intervention offered.
She reported intense depressed mood and bereavement, guilt, anger, trouble concentrating, and diminished interest in pleasurable activities. The completion of the FES revealed fitness deficiencies on the following dimensions: Thus, the therapy goals list set at the beginning of the treatment included working on the dysfunctional coping behaviors e.
The patient was offered a clinical conceptualization that centered on the evolutionary causes of depressive symptomatology i. Specifically, Judy's depression was explained as being caused by a set of fitness-related issues, namely, unbalanced diet, lack of exercise, and poor self-image expressed through dysfunctional cognitions.
Course of Treatment Following the protocol described elsewhere 42the first treatment session focused on educating the patient about depression and psychotherapy in general, emphasizing the importance of homework, taking responsibility for change and adjusting her expectations about what can be gained through therapy.
Judy had a clear understanding about what psychological treatment entailed and what her responsibilities as a patient were. Also, in the first session we focused on specific CET insights that helped her to gain a clearer understanding of the problems she was confronting, thus leading to a more accepting attitude about her symptoms.Aaron T.
Beck, the creator of Cognitive behavioural remedy (CBT) described it as "an active, directive, time limited methodology used to take care of a number of psychiatric disorders", (Beck ). Anshel, ). No single set of methods defines cognitive-behavioural treatment. However, treatment is governed by two overarching main themes: the conviction that cognitive processes they consider group-based cognitive- A Case Study Using Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy-Management of ADHD.
The present essay will look at the formulation of cognitive behavioural perspective in light of Cara’s case study.
Becks cognitive model of psychopathology stresses the importance of thinking in the elicitation and maintenance of depression, anxiety and anger (Beck, , . Comprehensive case studies giving various examples and situations where Cognitive Behavioural therapy can help. Cognitive behavior therapy is probably the most well-known and the most practiced form of modern psychotherapy and has been integrated into highly structured package for the treatment of patients suffering from social phobia.
The present case study is an attempt to provide therapeutic intervention. Case Study 1 - PTSD ClientA was a 36 year old client who presented with PTSD and reported the trigger for her disturbance had been her husband attempting suicide in front of her via an attempted hanging.