Ancient Africa Kingdoms of Central Africa Central Africa is a large region covered with rainforest and savanna grasslands. People have lived in this region for thousands of years. One of the first civilizations to develop here was the Sao Civilization in modern-day Chad and Cameroon.
Affonso I Nzinga Mbemba Affonso was the African king who gained the throne of the Kingdom of Kongo in when the Portuguese were beginning to King affonso congo his life accomplishments and importance up their slave trade and colonization of the Congo.
He became Christian, learned Portuguese, and wrote a number of letters to the Portuguese king and to the Pope complaining about the kidnapping of his people for slaves. Edgar Canisius Edgar Canisius was an American agent in the Congo who spoke Swahili and recorded the story of a woman named Ilanga, sole survivor of a family kidnapped from their village and enslaved as porters in the Congo.
Canisius served as a counterguerilla commander for the rubber companies and wrote a book in detailing the atrocities he and his men had committed in killing natives and burning their villages.
This testimony was used by Morel in his campaign against Leopold. This was the beginning of Portuguese slave trade in the Congo. The Mexicans rebelled, killing Maximilian.
Carlota returned to Brussels where she went mad and was locked up by Leopold. She was unpopular with the Belgians, but Leopold married her on his deathbed to legitimize her and their two sons and to disinherit his daughters. He went to the rubber-producing areas, documenting the abuses.
He was angry at what he saw and wrote the report in London, where he met E. Morel and with him formed the Congo Reform Association. Casement was knighted but later was arrested for his work for Irish freedom. He tried to buy arms for the Easter uprising in Ireland and was put in prison, eventually being executed for treason.
She was in love with Prince Victor Napoleon of France, but Leopold would not consent to the marriage. John and Alice Seeley Harris Rev. When he took the throne as a young man, he began researching the possibility of getting a colony to finance his affairs, as other European nations had done.
He kept his ambition secret from his people and government because they were not favorably disposed to such an expensive hobby.
After he settled on the Congo area of Africa as a place unclaimed, he systematically went after it, and through a number of tricky moves, lies, and deceit, became the ruler of the Congo Free State.
He pretended he had philanthropic motives to go into the Congo, to develop it, and open it up to Western civilization. He wanted to protect the natives from the Arab slavers, he said, and also bring in scientific exploration of the area.
Using dummy committees, he formed a trade monopoly, all the while saying he was for free trade. He knew the way to make money on his investment was to use forced labor, and this he did for twenty years, in both ivory and rubber production.
Besides the kidnapping and mass murder of approximately ten million Congolese half the populationhe stole the land and wealth of the Congo for his personal use.
After the continued protests of his methods by humanitarian groups, he sold and signed over the Congo Free State to the Belgium government inmaking the area into the Belgian Congo.
He died shortly afterwards. David Livingstone David Livingstone was an English physician, missionary, and explorer who searched for the source of the Nile in Africa.
He found Victoria Falls and was the first white man to cross the continent from coast to coast. In Stanley found Livingstone at Lake Tanganyika and thus became famous. Leopold married her to an older Austro-Hungarian prince when she was seventeen. She fled the marriage by having an adulterous affair with a cavalry officer.
The officer was imprisoned for fighting a duel with her husband, and Louise chose to go to an insane asylum rather than go back to her husband.
Kandolo Kandolo was a black sergeant in the Force Publique who led a mutiny against the commander, Mathieu Pelzer, a bully, killing him and attacking other Force Publique posts in a rebellion in the Kasai region.
Morel with her book, Travels in West Africa. She saw the Africans as intelligent human beings, not savages, and criticized colonialism in Africa. He wrote under a pseudonym at first because the topic was touchy for Belgians.
She married him at the age of sixteen, and the two hated each other their whole lives. Her only interest was horses. When their young son died in an accident, and she could only produce daughters, he stopped speaking to her.
He became a famous public figure and speaker gathering thousands of supporters, including the rich and famous. Later in life, he was imprisoned for his anti-war campaign during World War I.Dr.
The Congo River is the largest river in western Central Africa and the most powerful on the continent. Its overall length of 2, miles (4, kilometers) makes it the second-longest in Africa (after the Nile).It is the fifth-longest river in the world, draining a basin of nearly million square miles. The Hôtel du Cap-Eden-Roc first opened its doors to guests in , or, 15 years before the Scramble for Africa in It was a hotel where both the 19th Century King Leopold of Belgium and the 20th Century self-appointed President-for-Life of Congo, Mobutu Sese Seko, enjoyed cocktails. What about Idi Amin, “His Excellency President for Life, Field Marshal Al Hadji Doctor Idi Amin, VC, DSO, MC, Lord of All the Beasts of the Earth and Fishes of the Sea, and Conqueror of the British Empire in Africa in General and Uganda in Particular.” 😀.
Martin Luther King Jr. Day of Service Activity January 16th & Martin Luther King Jr., his accomplishments and contribution to society. Martin Luther King Jr.
“The quality, not the longevity, of one’s life is what is important.” Martin Luther King Jr. In addition to serving at Avalon Community Center for Martin Luther King Jr. Langston Hughes was first recognized as an important literary figure during the s, a period known as the was roundly criticized by many black intellectuals for portraying what they thought to be an unattractive view of black life.
In his autobiographical The Big Sea Langston Hughes: A Biography, Crowell, Myers, Elizabeth P. In his early years (as a naturalized American) he led a roving life, fighting in the American Civil War, serving in the merchant marine and the federal navy, and reporting as a journalist on the.
Abdul Kalam will remain one of the finest human beings to have ever lived. He lived an illustrious and successful life, and his legacy will continue to inspire people around the world in the coming years. Below is a list that tries to do justice to his numerous achievements: • After graduating.
Watch video · Marco Polo was an explorer and merchant from Venice. He was hosted by Kublai Khan at his palace, Xanadu, and traveled throughout much of Asia. Explore Marco Polo's life on pfmlures.com King eventually pardoned him it left an important mark on his life that is often glossed over by other biographers (for example it is completely missing from Pecks film).
It was his time in prison that he started making the intellectual transition.