The new deal response to the

In the midterm election, Roosevelt and his liberal supporters lost control of Congress to the bipartisan conservative coalition. The Second New Deal in — included the Wagner Act to protect labor organizing, the Works Progress Administration WPA relief program which made the federal government by far the largest single employer in the nation[5] the Social Security Act and new programs to aid tenant farmers and migrant workers. The final major items of New Deal legislation were the creation of the United States Housing Authority and the FSA, which both occurred in ; and the Fair Labor Standards Act ofwhich set maximum hours and minimum wages for most categories of workers.

The new deal response to the

Roosevelt's Critics Father Charles Coughlin's fiery radio broadcasts reached an estimated 40, listeners and attempted to sway popular opinion away from Franklin D. Roosevelt and his New Deal policies. FDR was a President, not a king.

His goals were ambitious and extensive, and while he had many supporters, his enemies were legion. Liberals and radicals attacked from the left for not providing enough relief and for maintaining the fundamental aspects of capitalism. Conservatives claimed his policies were socialism in disguise, and that an interfering activist government was destroying a proud history of self-reliance.

Despite big numbers at the ballot booth, Roosevelt needed to temper his objectives with the spirit of compromise and hope that his plans were popular enough to weather criticism. Friends and enemies alike had to admit that FDR was a political genius. Coughlin, a radio priest from Detroit.

Originally a supporter of the New Deal, Coughlin turned against Roosevelt when he refused to nationalize the banking system and provide for the free coinage of silver. As the decade progressed, Coughlin turned openly anti-Semitic, blaming the Great Depression on an international conspiracy of Jewish bankers.

Coughlin formed the National Union for Social Justice and reached a weekly audience of 40 million radio listeners. Advocating a program to "share the wealth," U. Senator from Louisiana Huey "Kingfish" Long in August announced his intention to run for President against FDR, but an assassin's bullet ended his life less than a month later.

Townsend proposed the Old Age Revolving Pension. This plan called for every American over the age of sixty to retire to open up jobs for the younger unemployed. There was one catch. The recipients had to agree to spend the entire sum within a month.

Townsend argued that this plan would ignite the economy, as well as provide for a proper pension for those who had worked so hard for so long.

The person considered the greatest threat to Roosevelt politically was Huey "the Kingfish" Long of Louisiana.

Long was a rollicking country lawyer who became governor of Louisiana in As governor, Long used strong-arm tactics to intimidate the legislature into providing roads and bridges to the poorest parts of the state.

The new deal response to the

He emerged onto the national scene with his election to the United States Senate in Inhe started a movement called "Share Our Wealth. The elderly would receive pensions. Democrats worried that a Long bid for the Presidency might steal votes from FDR inbut an assassin's bullet ended the Kingfish's life in But there was little doubt when it came to FDR's "court-packing scheme" — Hughes was vehemently opposed.

Despite his reelection landslide, Roosevelt's mainstream opponents gained steam in the latter part of the decade. He proposed that when a federal judge reached the age of seventy and failed to retire, the President could add an additional justice to the bench.

Focus Areas

This thinly veiled scheme would immediately enable him to appoint six justices to the high court. Conservative Democrats and Republicans charged FDR with abuse of power and failed to support the plan.

During the Congressional elections, Roosevelt campaigned vigorously against anti-New deal Democrats. In nearly every case, the conservatives won. This coalition of Southern Democrats and Republicans dominated the Congress until the s and effectively ended the reform spirit of the New Deal.

Father Charles Coughlin From the Social Security Administration's "History" webpage, this summary of Father Charles Coughlin's controversial radio empire introduces you to one of the most influential public figures of the era.

Selections of these broadcasts, in RealAudio format, are offered here. By giving money to the elderly under the condition that they spend it immediately, the author believes that economic hardships will end.President Franklin D.

Roosevelt's response to Supreme Court decisions that declared several New Deal laws unconstitutional was to (1) ask Congress to limit the Court's jurisdiction (2) propose legislation to increase the size of the Court.

The Second New Deal The increasing pressures of the Great Depression caused President Roosevelt to back a new set of economic and social measures Prominent among these were measures to fight poverty, to counter unemployment with work and to provide a social safety net.

Originally a supporter of the New Deal, Coughlin turned against Roosevelt when he refused to nationalize the banking system and provide for the free coinage of silver. As the decade progressed, Coughlin turned openly anti-Semitic, blaming the Great Depression on an international conspiracy of Jewish bankers.

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FDR and the New Deal Response to an Environmental Catastrophe - Roosevelt Institute