Why do people commit crime psychology By M. Why would someone kill a stranger without stealing anything from him or without even knowing him? When looking at some of the crimes people commit it might first appear that those who did them are psychotics but when trying to understand the psychology of the criminal the crime starts to make a lot of sense.
She teaches mindfulness workshops and courses. Inside a Dublin Prison Source Psychological theories of crime Many people have their own theories on what makes a criminal. Some of these theories are based on first hand knowledge or experience, some unfortunately may be based on racism or prejudice, and some on scientifically investigated studies.
And there are several psychological theories of crime, most of which have been shown to have a sound scientific basis. However, it is widely accepted that the reasons for crime are seldom one cause or the other, but rather a combination of some.
Biological Theories of Crime These include genetics, hormones, brain chemistry neurotransmitters and brain structure and anatomy. Because statistically more males commit crimes than females, it was proposed that this must be because of the genetic make-up of males.
However, this theory has been largely discredited Twin studies and crime But studies with twins have shown that identical twins are more likely to share criminal tendencies than non-identical or fraternal twins.
This was the case even when identical twins were separated at birth, so environment or upbringing would not necessarily have been a factor .
Even so, some psychologists still believe that this is not conclusive evidence of a genetic link. Serotonin is a neurotransmitter in the brain that affect mood, which in turn can affect criminal behaviour.
Testosterone, the male hormone, is linked to levels of aggression. Omega 3 has been shown to lower levels of aggression, and poor nutrition before the age of 3 has also been linked to higher levels of aggression.
All of these come under the heading of Brain Chemistry and all have a link to criminal behaviour. The part of the brain associated with or emotions is called the Amygdala am-ig-d-la. It is believed that damage to the Amygdala can have an effect of criminal behavior.
The Hippocampus is where we store our memories. Damage to this area could mean we do not remember being punished from our crimes, and so would commit them again and again. The Frontal Cortex, as the name suggests, is to the front of our brain and would also appear to be involved, among other functions, with our self control-as one famous case-study showed: The most famous case of brain damage causing a change in self-control is one of a man called Phineas Gage.
InPhineas was a mild-mannered and conscientious railroad worker foreman in Vermont, U. He was overseeing the laying of explosives one fateful day. It was the practice to lay sand over the explosives in a hole and then to tap it down with a tamping iron. Incredibly, Phineas not only survived, but walked to the cart which was to transport him to a doctor.
Actual Skull of Phineas Gage. Bottom left is the tamping iron shown beside the skull. Was it the brain damage that caused the change? It appeared that the damage to the frontal cortex caused the change in Phineas. However, it must also be remembered that brain damage also has the potential to cause depression, and that there was also a possibility that Phineas would have suffered from Post Traumatic Stress, either of which could also cause changes in his personal disposition.
Socialisation theories of crime These include Learning Theories such as: F Skinner who else? However, it would seem that we do learn by similar methods. If a child is surrounded by crime, either within the family or the community, they are likely to learn criminal behaviour by any or all of the above methods.
A child can learn to get what he wants by other means. This child is an actor and is now an adult-picture printed with his permission Source Routine Activity Theory This can tie-in somewhat with Learning Activity; for example, if a child learns that stealing is one way to get what they want, they will do it again.
All they need is for three elements to be in place: They want something 2. They see what they want 3. This is probably one of the best known psychological theories of crime. A person really wants something, such as material goods, a better lifestyle or even an education, but they can see no possible way of ever achieving it now or in the future.
This understandably causes dissatisfaction, perhaps even resentment against the people who do have what they want. But then they see there is a way to achieve their desires through stealing, drug dealing or other criminal behaviour .
A Marxist theory, which says that the Criminal Justice System is seen as being developed by the dominant classes to the sole advantage of the dominant classes, causing resentment and rebellion.Apr 22, · Particularly, the study of criminology targets why individuals commit crimes and why they behave in certain situations.
By understanding why a person commits a crime, one can develop ways to control crime or rehabilitate the pfmlures.com: Tania. Why Do People Commit Crimes? People commit crimes for a variety of different reasons. Maybe they would like some material gain which they could otherwise not afford, or perhaps they find their life mundane and repetitive and need some excitement.
This question, if answered correctly, can have a massive impact on society as a whole. Some crimes are easy to commit and that’s why I think people commit them. I also, refer to the Routine Activities theory.
I also, refer to the Routine Activities theory. This theory, I believe, does a great job on explaining why people commit most crimes. Why do people commit crimes and what is a ‘typical criminal’?
There is little doubt that some commit a crime such as shoplifting out of desperation, especially when food is concerned. There is little doubt that some commit a crime such as shoplifting out of desperation, especially when food is concerned. Why do individuals commit crimes?
Words | 6 Pages. THEORIES OF CRIME Uka 5 THEORIES OF CRIME Uka 6 Can I Have Some Theory With That Crime? Why do individuals commit crimes? Society today is very well concerned with this matter.
In todays time, there are psychologists, criminologists, biologists, and sociologists searching for an answer. This essay will explore and critically discuss why I, personally, think individuals commit crime. There are many arguments over the definition of what is a criminal act.